|Known by its scientific name, Foeniculum Vulgare and by its Sudan local name (Shamar).
Fennel has a more tender foliage depending on the richness of the soil, Known for its strong aroma, it is a herb that gives flavor to food and has many medicinal uses.
A teaspoon of fennel seeds added to hot water to make a cup of fennel tea is known to relieve indigestion. For babies, fennel tea acts as a carminative in the sense that it prevents the formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract. Fennel is commonly found in cough remedies as it is effective in treating respiratory conditions. For new mothers, fennel tea increases breast milk and could be added to baby formula to help digestion. In the case of irritable eyes, an infusion of fennel acts as a soothing eyewash. Additionally, the seeds can be chewed for a fresh breath.
It is a plant from the genus, Foeniculum and is a perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. Its home is in the shores of the Mediterranean, but grows in different places in the world near the sea or on riverbanks. Many plants such as coriander or dill dislike the smell of fennel and have difficulty growing when they are planted near fennel.