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Known in Sudan as (Garad) and scientifically known as Acacia Nilotica, Babul is also known as Gum Arabic Tree or Egyptian Thorn.
The dense tree has colorful flowers, spiral leaves and a non-fleshy fruit. It grows on bare and dry areas and flowers in most seasons.
Babul has many medicinal uses because of its demulcent properties that enable it to relieve minor pain or inflammation of the membrane. This is why it is used in healing Gonorrhea, Leucorrhoea, Diabetes and Dysentery. It is also used in stopping chronic diarrhea, treating coughs , treating the critical endemic disease known as leprosy and some kinds of cancers especially in ears, eyes or testicles. It is also used in combating Scurvy, treating ulcers and typhoid. Its root is used by Tuberculosis patients to improve their condition. For new mothers, parts of the tree are used to promote lactation.
It is from the Acacia genus that is native to Africa and India. The tree grows from 5 to 20 meters high with stems and branches. Flowers grow in globulous heads and are bright golden-yellow in color and the seeds of the tree can measure up to 8,000 per kg.